MAGOK MASTERPLAN



LOCATION: MAGOK, SOUTH KOREA

DATE: 2009

PROGRAM: HOUSING, COMMERCIAL, RETAIL



The Magok Housing Masterplan is part of a new focus on the regeneration of the natural features of the Han River and its surroundings, creating an environment of quality living, working and leisure experience.

As existing agricultural fields make way for new development, the existing land features are typically erased and replaced with a newly ordered and gestural landscape. These are usually artificial, forced geometries such as patterns, connecting streets, panoramic vistas and programmed parks. Typically, the intentions for such large scale projects is to impose a grand order on the site, following guidelines and compositions that are not experienced by the user of the site. They are only visible to the designer viewing the overall masterplan. These efforts usually create large scale organizing elements which are for the most part unusable and remain simple gestures creating significant inefficiencies in the overall infrastructure of the site.

In this project an alternative approach was implemented. Using the existing rice fields as a guideline, other layers such as transportation patterns, topographical forms and programmatic fields were introduced to create a newly enhanced pattern. These overlays create additional fine grain patterns which begin to define the area in terms of a balance between existing features and new layers of movement and function. Some of these patterns reveal the original marks on the ground such as boundaries, waterways and roads. Others are inserted and are a result of requirements such as circulation, site access, parks, connecting green spaces and leisure paths.

By prioritizing the natural features in this design, nature is allowed to dominate the scheme providing visual elements as seen from the high rise towers and useable spaces as one traverses and experiences this layered network pattern on the ground.

To continue with the concept of sustainable housing development for Magok, the buildings are situated in order to create a recognizable place and community with its own distinct character and identity.

The buildings large facade areas are divided through different methods of patterning, similar to the idea of land division. On a smaller scale, these facades undergo a similar, but reverse transformation. An ordered overlay at the larger scale provides distinct variation and definition. These layered facade patterns contain attributes and functions which allow the buildings to be more responsive to the environment, providing additional energy and protection from various environmental elements. Green balconies are oriented both horizontally and vertically, creating another layer in the facade design. In addition, these buildings are crowned with active components to enhance the sustainable qualities of the entire site. Solar collectors, windmills and green roofs on top of the high rises and slab buildings give character and identification to the various areas in the masterplan.

A variety of building types were utilized in this design. Tower and slab apartment buildings of different heights and shapes define certains areas and give them varied scales of importance. The larger tower buildings were located adjacent open areas and natural spaces to capitalize on the views and take advantage of the small footprint, increasing surrounding green space. These towers also act as landmarks or wayfinding elements by being placed along the major connective pathways.

DESIGN TEAM: Mark Mack

ASSOCIATE ARCHITECT: Dongwoo Architects & Consultants





SOLAR FLOWER TOWER

SOLAR FLOWER TOWER

SOLAR FLOWER TOWER

WATERCOLOR OF GREEN SHOPPING

WATERCOLOR OF GREEN SHOPPING

WATERCOLOR OF GREEN SHOPPING

TREE & WIND HOUSE

TREE & WIND HOUSE

TREE & WIND HOUSE

WATERCOLOR AERIAL VIEW

WATERCOLOR AERIAL VIEW

WATERCOLOR AERIAL VIEW

AERIAL VIEW

AERIAL VIEW

AERIAL VIEW

AERIAL VIEW

AERIAL VIEW

AERIAL VIEW

AERIAL VIEW

AERIAL VIEW

AERIAL VIEW

MASTERPLAN

MASTERPLAN

MASTERPLAN

SECTION DIAGRAM

SECTION DIAGRAM

SECTION DIAGRAM

LANSCAPE PATTERNS

LANSCAPE PATTERNS

LANSCAPE PATTERNS